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Health-E-News. November 2008
empowering you to optimal health
BPA Dangerous For Adults As Well
A research team from the Peninsula Medical School, the University of Exeter, the University of Plymouth and the University of Iowa, have found evidence linking Bisphenol A (BPA) to diabetes and heart disease in adults.
BPA is a controversial chemical commonly used in food and drink containers. It has previously caused concerns over health risks to babies, as it is present in some baby's bottles.
The research team analyzed data on 1,455 adults aged between 18 and 74 years old.
The analysis found that the 25% of the population with the highest BPA levels were more than twice as likely to have heart disease, diabetes, or both, compared to the 25% with the lowest BPA levels. Higher BPA levels were also associated with clinically abnormal liver enzyme concentrations.
Professor David Melzer, who led the team, commented: "Our study has revealed, for the first time, an association between raised BPA loads and two common diseases in adults. At the moment we can't be absolutely sure that BPA is the direct cause of the extra cases of heart disease and diabetes: if it is, some cases of these serious conditions could be prevented by reducing BPA exposure. This is therefore an exciting finding, but it is also just the first step in understanding the role of BPA."
Honey - Also Great For Burns.
Honey significantly reduces the time it takes for a burn to heal - speeding healing by up to four days. However, honey used with compression bandages does not significantly increase healing of venous leg ulcers and the jury is still out on honey's effectiveness for other wounds, according to Andrew Jull and colleagues at the University of Auckland in New Zealand.
"The evidence currently does not support the use of honey on acute wounds such as abrasions and lacerations or on minor, uncomplicated wounds left to heal … following surgery," Jull explains.
The review, which included 19 studies with 2,554 participants, appears in the latest issue of The Cochrane Library.
The Cochrane Database - October 2008;4.
Fans Prevent SIDS
Infants who sleep in a bedroom with a fan have a 72% reduced risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), compared to infants who slept in a bedroom without a fan. The study, which appears in the October issue of the Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, compared the records on 185 babies who died of SIDS with 312 healthy infants of a similar age and from similar socio-economic and ethnic backgrounds
"Although this is the first finding linking fan use to SIDS, concerned parents can take measures to improve ventilation of infants sleep environment, by adding fans in rooms or opening windows. Other studies have found that parents can also reduce the chance of re-breathing carbon dioxide by putting infants to sleep on their back, avoiding soft bedding and overheating, and by using a pacifier," notes study author Dr. De-Kun Li.
"More studies need to be done to determine the exact relationship between the types of ventilation and the risks of SIDS," said Dr. Li.
APAM - October 2008;162:963-8.
Simple Exercises To Stay In Shape
Every single bone forms some type of joint with another bone because joints allow us to have motion. When motion is normal at a joint, life is good. But daily activities or injuries can cause improper position of the bones, resulting in abnormal movement at the joint. This can lead to problems like swelling, pain, muscle spasms and arthritis later in life. The point is, from head to toe, your joints occasionally need a tune-up. Let's take a look at some of the more common trouble spots and what a chiropractor will do to get the healing process started.
- Head and Neck: When patients have headaches, they almost always have a lack of normal movement of their skull and the first two cervical vertebrae (bones). By restoring alignment to these bones, muscle tension is released. This allows blood circulation and nerve information to flow better.
- From Shoulders to Hands: You probably know a lot of people who have shoulder injuries. Well, our shoulder is made up of more joints than just the ball-and-socket joint. Anyone with shoulder pain likely has one or more of these joints that need to be realigned. Moving down the arm, we can find elbow tendonitis (golfer's elbow, tennis elbow), carpal tunnel syndrome and other repetitive-use injuries that can cause considerable pain, swelling and muscle spasms. In general, pain in any of these joints can be treated quite effectively with chiropractic care.
- Hips and Knees: Hip joint arthritis is very common these days, and you might even know someone who has had their hip replaced. When a hip is not in good alignment, the same pattern we have talked about exists. It can lead to lack of normal movement, arthritis and pain. And ligament injuries in the knee and knee cap pain often arise due to the leg bones being malpositioned.
- Feet and Ankles: Did you know we actually have three arches of the feet that are supported mostly by a large ligament and secondarily by the bones and muscles? When we have a collapse of these arches, which happens in eight out of 10 people in the world, we can have a variety of painful conditions.
The moral of this story is this: No injury or pain is ever just muscular. You know now that muscles attach to bones and bones make up joints everywhere in the body. It may be the muscles giving you pain, but unless you have the joints examined, you could be setting yourself up to have a relapse or a flare-up down the road. Ask us for more information.
Combining regular exercise with a healthy diet will produce the best results.
- Strength Training - Just 20 minutes of basic exercises, two days a week, will help firm and tone the whole body. Strength training will modestly increase metabolism, helping to burn more calories, even when you are resting.
- Interval Training - Lack of time is the number-one reason people give for not exercising regularly, and lack of results once they do start exercising isn't far behind. Interval training is a great solution for both of these common complaints. Alternate short bursts of intense activity with what is called active recovery - typically a less-intense form of the original activity.
- Increased Cardio/Aerobic Exercise - Aerobic exercise is any activity that uses large muscle groups in a continuous, rhythmic fashion for sustained periods of time. Walking is a weight-bearing aerobic exercise, as are jogging, rope-skipping and dance. There are also non-weight-bearing aerobic exercises such as bicycling, swimming and rowing.
So get out there and get moving! There's no better time to get in shape, and your body will thank you for it. Ask us to outline an exercise program suitable to your needs.